Agriculture has always been the most important sector of all types of developments and revolutions from a long period of time. Innovation and use of technology in our everyday life had started many years after the innovation of agriculture. Once our life was fully depended on agriculture. That was traditional agriculture than that could not ensure the food security. But with changing time, to ensure food for everyone, technology started to interfere traditional agriculture. After many years of agriculture with technology, a new step toward more development in the field level and to break the digital divide that exists among the drivers of agriculture, the farmers, have begun with E-Village project.
The E-village initiative has been started aiming at Empowering Rural Communities with ICT for Ensuring Sustainable Agricultural Development in Bangladesh. The project is implemented by Bangabandhu Ssheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University and iSoftStone and supported by CRI. The project is at its pilot stage, it is developing rapidly and giving positive feedbacks as we saw that from the farmers of Pajulia village in Gazipur Sadar upazilla. The E-village project has developed a sensor device that can offer several supports at a time related to agricultural decision support that will help farmers instantly whenever they need.
The agriculture experts or the scientists those are always ready to help our farmers but can’t always go to the field, now easily can provide appropriate information to the farmers via the device as well. Because this device aided by mobile app ensures the bridge between the farmers and the scientists.
The device can detect Solar irradiation, Soil temperature, Soil moisture, Air moisture, Leaf wetness in the crop field. By its sensors, it sends real time information as text to the farmer for measuring pesticide application doses, fertilizer and other management practices. Mobile app has been improved where all solutions based on problems originated in the field or of the crops are given. Data collected from the field by the sensors will be interpreted with the app and thus farmers can get appropriate measures for his crop. Experts will provide suggestions what should the farmer do whenever the weather changes or the soil condition deteriorates. For example, if a farmer finds a specific symptom in his crop (e.g. spots on spinach) he can consult about it with an expert via the mobile app and get instant replay about the measurements he have to take. This action will help the farmer to prevent crop and yield loss. If the weather is too rough or temperature is unfavorable, just a contact with the experts and solution will be provided immediately. The sensor device will alert the farmer by detecting the specific data analyzing soil condition, for example, soil temperature, soil moisture. those have direct relationship with crops. Farmers will get to know in which soil to cultivate, when is appropriate time for cultivating which crop. Even after cultivating a crop in a soil which is not suitable for that crop, he can improve that soil condition if he learn how to do that from the experts using the mobile app. Thus ultimately improve the yield and reduce crop loss.
Very soon the device will reach to every farmer’s field like it did to the farmer’s in Pajulia village and, the farmers will get field and crop specific and accurate information related to cultivation. No more crop failure, no more damage, minimizing input cost and maximizing the output. Thus, the device will help for ultimate improvement in country’s socio-economic condition and food security.